I have been in the industrial floor coatings manufacturing, and application business for over 24 years. Over the past two decades I have witnessed a company that specializes in formulating floor coatings using a 100% solids resin based epoxy to be used in resurfacing industrial, commercial and residential concrete floors with an advanced “work time” epoxy formula that can be applied just like “Floor Paint”.
Floor Paint & Floor Coating-An Image Rich Technical Analysis for Concrete Floor Protection
Since the inception of epoxy Resin in 1936 by Dr. Pierre Castan of Switzerland and Dr. S.O. Greenlee of the United States, there have been thousands of combinations of Epoxy formulations for many different industries. Here are some of the leading industries that currently use Epoxy: Floor Paints and coatings, adhesives, industrial tooling and composites, electrical systems and electronics, consumer and marine applications, aerospace applications, art, and wind and energy applications. This article will be focusing on the floor paints and coatings industry, and what the best product is for its application. Although there are many choices one can make when deciding which type of Epoxy to apply, one must understand that there is a clear and definite technical hierarchy. Below is a chart that ranks Epoxy for effectiveness.
Epoxy’s Technical Hierarchy
#1 100% Solids Resin based Epoxy 1 to 20 mils Dry Film Thickness (D.F.T.) No solvents/no V.O.C. 2 Component with a 2 to 1 mix Ratio
#2 Solvent Base Epoxy High Build 2 to 4 mils Dry Film Thickness (D.F.T.) 40 to 55% vol. solids with 45 to 60% Solvents Shrinkage and Evaporation 2 Component with a 1 to 1 ratio
#3 Solvent Base Epoxy Low Build 1 to 2 Dry Film Thickness (D.F.T.) 30 to 40% volume solids with 60 to 70% Solvents Shrinkage and Evaporation 2 Component with a 1 to 1 ratio mix ratio
#4 Water Base Epoxy 1 to 1.5 mils Dry Film Thickness (D.F.T.) 30 to 40% vs. with 60 to 70% Shrinkage and Evaporation 2 component with a 1 to 1 mix ratio and or 1 component
#5 Water borne Epoxy Same as #4 Same as #4 Same as #4
#6 Modified Epoxy sealer 1 to 2 mils Dry Film Thickness (D.F.T.) 5% Epoxy additive with approx. 30% of other active ingredients and fillers. 30 to 40% vs. with 60 to 70% Shrinkage and Evaporation 1 component moisture cured product
#7 Oil Base Acrylic Enamel (Porch and Deck Paint) 1 to 1.5 mils Dry Film Thickness (D.F.T.) 30 to 40% vs. with 60 to 70% Solvents Shrinkage and Evaporation 1 component moisture cured product
#8 Moisture cured Polyurethane Sealers Same as # 6 Same as # 6 1 component moisture cured product
#9 Acid Stains No mil rating of thickness Penetrating Sealer with concrete to chemical color reaction properties upon contact 1 component moisture cured product
#10 Water Base Stain No mil rating of thickness Penetrating water based stain sealer 1 component moisture cured product
#11 Standard Sealers: Applications for concrete patio’s, sidewalks, driveways, brick pavers and stampings. NA NA 1 Component
100% Solids Epoxy (Resin base, Industrial Grade) epoxy floor paint floor coating is far superior to all other concrete floor paints, floor sealers and floor stains available today. 100% Solids Epoxy was developed as a “High performance protective floor coating” to protect concrete floor surfaces from high traffic volume of hilos (tires/steel forks )constant wear and tear to the concrete floors surface.
Along with wear and tear to concrete floor surfaces, mechanical machines and equipment also leak oils and fluids. Without proper concrete floor protection, such as the recommended 100% Solids Epoxy, these oils and fluids will be absorbed through the concrete and into the soil beneath, resulting in contamination and potential deterioration to the floor surface. Consequently, these oils and fluids in the soil can potentially lead to environmental concerns in the future.
Concrete surfaces are very porous and soft compared to the 100% Solids Epoxy floor paint. That being said, imagine the concrete surface acting as a big “sponge” that holds and retains water, fluids, dirt, oil, grease, dust, mold and other substances that absorb into a porous surface. Unprotected concrete floor surfaces will yield a decreased life span. 100% Solids Epoxy is a permanent solution to the problems listed above. The following are other very important advantages when using 100% Solids Epoxy floor paint: